Reconciling heterogeneous results on the returns to skills in Africa
The paper “Reconciling heterogeneous results on the returns to skills in Africa” by Sky Project members Dr.Otchia and Dr. Yamada was published in the Journal of Education and Work. This paper analyzes the causal effects of cognitive and non-cognitive skills on labor market outcomes by using STEP data from Ghana and Kenya, and explores the heterogeneity of the skill-related returns. Please click the button below for more details.
2019.09.01Shoko Yamada・Christian Otchia
Interactions between vocational and attitudinal skills in labour market outcomes: findings from the skills’ assessment of garment factory workers in Ethiopia
SKY Project members Dr. Otchia and Dr. Yamada's paper “Interactions between vocational and attitudinal skills in laboratory market outcomes: findings from the skills' assessment of garment factory workers in Ethiopia” was published in the Journal of Vocational Education & Training. This paper analyzes the effects of an attitude and vocational skills test on the wages of garment factory workers in Ethiopia.
Ethiopia Interim Report Bridging the Supply-Demand Gaps of the Industrial Workforce: Findings from a Skills Assessment of Garment Workers in Ethiopia
In this paper, to measure the perception gaps between the supply and demand side of worker skills, an assessment in which assessors from the employer side and the TVET trainer side concurrently graded the garment manufacturing vocational skills of the same workers was conducted. The findings show that there are several layers of mismatch not only between TVET and employers but also between TVET trainers and students. The report also points out that noncognitive or “soft” skills are as important as production skills and it was revealed that TVET graduates demonstrate higher levels of noncognitive skills than do workers trained only in the factories.
2018.01.01Shoko Yamada・Christian Otchia
Explaining differing perceptions of employees’ skill needs: the case of garment workers in Ethiopia
The Ethiopian economy has grown significantly and the government has prioritized industrial skills development and expanded technical and vocational education and training (TVET). However, mismatches between the skills availableand the skills required are widespread and the unemployment rate for TVET graduates is high. This paper empirically identify the exact types and domains of skills in which the supply–demand mismatches happen in Ethiopia. It also introduces a unique instrument that captures the knowledge and skills of workers in real work environments.
Perception differential between TVET trainers and trainees on employability skills in Ethiopia: The case of garment Sector
This paper uses original data to understand the process of garment production skills acquisition in the top seven public TVET institutes in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. More specifically, it has two objectives. First, it develops garment skills acquisition scales based on the Ethiopian Occupational Standards items. Second, it compares trainees and TVET trainer’s perception of skills acquisition to assess whether there are gaps in the expectations of the skills to acquire.
Addis Ababa Symposium on Skills Development “High Quality Technical and Vocational Education and Training for Sustainable Growth and Job Creation in Ethiopia”
"Program of the Addis Ababa Symposium on Skills Development
“High Quality Technical and Vocational Education and Training for Sustainable Growth and Job Creation in Ethiopia” 2017."