Globalization and Skills Development

Globalization and Skills Development Globalization has urged economies, politics and societies to become fluid続きを読む

SKY[Skills and Knowledge for Youth] ホーム Globalization and Skills Development

Globalization and Skills Development

Globalization has urged economies, politics and societies to become fluid across countries. As technological innovation progresses, human resource development is also emphasized and more advanced skills are required (Johanson, 2004). In particular, industrial human resource development is said to be susceptible to a globalized society, as the results of education and training depend on actual activities in the society (Carnoy, 1999).

The impact of globalization is different in each country. It has been pointed out that the impact of globalization on skills formation should not only emphasize international competition with developed countries but also research in developing countries. Ethiopia contributes to domestic economic development by attracting foreign direct investment (FDI) at industrial parks, thereby entering the overseas apparel industry, and by working to improve productivity (Zhang et al., 2018). In particular, improvement of women’s sewing skills has been found to be important for expanding employment in the sewing industry.

Globalization also affects individuals in their career choices and training. According to Langevang and Gough’s (2012) research on women’s career selection and entrepreneurship in Ghana’s beauty and garment industries, the beauty industry can easily acquire information on materials such as wigs, equipment and fashion from other countries through the tendency of globalization, and this contributes to the expansion of the industry. On the other hand, in the garment industry, the demand for traditional tailors in Ghana has been decreasing due to the influx of second-hand clothes from other countries and the increase in demand for cheap western clothes (Langevang and Gough, 2012).

Given this situation, as industry changes with the progress of globalization, the required skills in order to adapt to society, and the skills that people seek, are also changing. Therefore, when considering skills that are required by companies and individuals, it is useful to think about the background of the skills required in the context of globalization, in order to deepen the understanding of human resource development in each country.

(Yujiro Yamazaki)

References
Carnoy, M. (1999) Fundamentals of Educational Planning Globalization and educational reform: what planners need to know.United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization: Paris.
Johanson, R. K. (2004)”Implications of globalization and economic restructuring for skills development in sub-Saharan Africa” ILO Working Paper No. 29. International Labour Organization: Geneva.
Langevang and Gough (2012) “Diverging pathways: young female employment and entrepreneurship in sub-Saharan Africa.” The Geographical Journal, Vol. 178, No. 3. pp. 242–252.
Zhang, X., Tezera, D., Zou C., Wang, Z., Zhao, J., Gebremenfas, E. A., and Dhavle, J. (2018) “Industrial park development in Ethiopia Case study report”. Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development Working Paper Series WP 21. United Nations Industrial Development Organization: Vienna.